DOCUMENTOS
 
  Titulo: Apuntes de Inglés

TO BE [=ser, estar…]
Como todos los verbos auxiliares, para hacer la negativa se le añade NOT y para la interrogativa basta con cambiar el orden (en lugar de Sujeto + Verbo, ponemos Verbo + Sujeto?).

Simple Present
I am (I’m)
You are (You’re)
He/She/It is (He’s/ she's/ It's)
We are (We’re)
You are (You’re)
They are (They’re)
I'm not
You aren't
He/she/it isn't
We aren't
You aren't
They aren't
Am I?
Are you?
Is he/she/it?
Are we?
Are you?
Are they?

Simple Past
I was
You were
He/She/It was
We were
You were
They were
I wasn't
You weren't
He/She/It wasn't
We weren't
You weren't
They weren't
Was I?
Were you?
Was he/she/it?
Were we?
Were you?
Were they?

 

THERE BE [=haber impersonal: "hay", "había"…]
Simple Present

There is
There are
There isn't
There aren't
Is there?
Are there?

Simple Past
There was
There were
There wasn't
There weren't
Was there?
Were there?

Nota: funciona igual que el verbo TO BE, pero colocando el pronombre impersonal «there» como sujeto, tanto en tiempos compuestos:
"There has been enough money"
 como con verbos modales:
"There must be a reason".


TO HAVE (GOT) [=tener]
Simple Present
I have (I’ve) got
You have (You’ve) got
He/She/It has (He’s) got
We have (We’ve) got
You have (You’ve) got
They have (They’ve) got
I haven't got
You haven't got
He/She/It hasn't got
We haven't got
You haven't got
They haven't got
Have I got?
Have you got?
Has he/she/it got?
Have we got?
Have you got?
Have they got?


TO HAVE [verbo principal = tomar, comer...]
Simple Present
I have
You have
He/She/It has
We have
You have
They have
I don't have
You don't have
He/She/It doesn't have
We don't have
You don't have
They don't have
Do I have?
Do you have?
Does he/she/it have?
Do we have?
Do you have?
Do they have?

Simple Past
I had
You had
He/She/It had
We had
You had
They had
I didn't have
You didn't have
He/She/It didn't have
We didn't have
You didn't have
They didn't have
Did I have?
Did you have?
Did he/she/it have?
Did we have?
Did you have?
Did they have?


EXPRESIONES CON «BE» y «HAVE»

• En inglés, las expresiones «tener X años, hambre, sed, frío, calor, cuidado, miedo…» se forman con BE + adjetivo:
«be X years old, hungry, thirsty, cold, hot, careful, afraid…»

• También la hora se expresa con BE:
What's the time? / What time is it?
It is [hour] o'clock
It is (a) quarter past [hour]
It is half past [hour]
It is (a) quarter to [hour]
It is [minutes past [hour]
It is [minutes] to [hour]

• Igualmente se expresa con BE el tiempo atmosférico:
What's the weather like?
It's hot / warm / nice / cool / cold / sunny / cloudy / windy / raining / snowing …

• En inglés, los verbos de las comidas se forman con HAVE + el nombre de la comida:
«have breakfast, lunch, dinner, tea, supper»

• Otras expresiones con HAVE: «have a shower, …a bath, …a walk, …a rest, …a look, …a cigarette, …a drink»

 
 
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